ISSN: 1659-2751

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Efficiency of a Solar Distillation Apparatus for the Production of Bioethanol

Abstract

Bioenergy sources obtained from the use of agricultural residues are a source of clean, renewable energy. This project evaluated the efficiency of a solar distiller for the production of alcohol from the fermentation of bananas as an alternative to fossil fuels. Three repetitions of 1 kg of banana each was fermented during 15 days at an average room temperature of 25 °C. Subsequently, a simple distillation was conducted with 200 mL of ferment from each repetition at a temperature between 75 °C and 80 °C. A solar distillation also was carried out in order to compare the efficiency between both systems. The average alcohol percentage yield in the solar distillation was relatively low (0.75 %) and statistically different (p<0.05) from the yield from the simple distillation (4.83 %).

Key words: solar distiller, simple distillation, solar distillation, fermentation, yield, agricultural residue.

Artículo en español (pdf) (3)