ISSN: 1659-2751

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Analysis of Solid Wastes in the Urban Center of San Esteban, Olancho, Honduras

Abstract

In the communities in the region of Latin America and the Caribbean, 70 % of the solid wastes produced are domestic wastes from homes, and this proportion increases with the increase in size of the city. The inefficient and unsustainable manner in which this solid waste is managed gives rise to negative environmental impacts that threaten human and animal welfare. The objective of this project is to develop an integrated solid waste management plan for the urban center of San Esteban, Olancho. The project was carried in four phases. In Phase I, the socio-economic information of the community as well as the community members’ knowledge of waste management was investigated. One of the principal problems in this community is the lack of administrative management concerning the service provided for waste collection; no incentives or instruction has been conducted in the community to assure the adequate use and payment for this environmental service. In Phase II of the project, a diagnostic of the types and quantities of wastes produced in the community was carried out using the Solid Waste Analysis Protocol (SWAP). The results of this study showed that San Esteban produces approximately 2.4 tons of solid wastes daily. Only 24 % of the homes (225) receive waste collection services, and this service is irregular or non-existent for other homes in the area. For that reason, many of the community members throw their garbage on streets and alleys in the perimeter of the town or burn their garbage, contaminating the air, soil, and water. Phase III of the project consisted in the different stages of a Feasibility Study (market, technical, environmental, social, organizational, economic and financial). The fundamental objective of this phase was to develop the waste management plan with the design of a secondary material recovery center for the collection and commercialization of these materials. The study revealed that the restructuring of the landfill, of the administrative system, and of the operation for waste collection, are the means necessary to assure that the project will be self-sustaining. The Phase IV consists in installation, operation, administration, control, follow-up, and evaluation of the project, The activities done during this phase will be the responsibility of the Municipal Committee for Waste Management (Comité Municipal de Manejo de Desechos, COMUMADE). The execution of the project was the first three phases, which took 18 months to complete and the installation of the project, which has a projection of five years, according to the feasibility study.

Key words: Solid municipal wastes, feasibility study, integrated waste management, Solid Waste Analysis Protocol (SWAP), San Esteban, Olancho.

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