ISSN: 1659-2751



Description and Analysis of the Structural Transformation in the Storage of Fruits and Vegetables in the Supermarket Sector in Costa Rica


Since the early 90’s, the supermarket sector inCosta Ricahas experienced rapid growth. By 2001, this sector controlled 60 % of the country’s retail market and between 1999 and 2004 increased the number of stores by 100 %. The growth has stimulated the expansion and innovation of new technological production strategies and improved food quality and safety. At the same time, it has impacted the socioeconomic and productive conditions of farmers, who have had to adapt to the new market demands. There are five main supermarket chains and four intermediary companies that control the Costa Rican retail market. For the supply of perishable goods, there are three structural systems.

Key words: 90’s, farmers, rapid growth, standards, intermediaries, supermarkets, three systems.

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